Addiction happens when a person becomes physically and/or mentally dependent on a substance or behavior that initially caused a high. The high leads to repeated engagement in the behavior which can cause altered mood and impairments.
Common types of addiction include substances, such as drugs (including prescriptions) and alcohol, and behaviors, such as gambling, though there are many other types of addictions. Causes of addiction range from genetics, length of use, age of onset, health, and family history.
Addiction is recognized as a medical disorder, do affected individuals should seek professional recovery services with a multi-dimensional treatment team. There are many certified treatment programs available that focus on various types of addictions and help with physical and/or mental dependent, as well as the underlying causes of the addition (e.g. mental health disorder, trauma, etc.). These types of programs, when combined with appropriate support (e.g., from family and/or friends), addiction can be overcome.
Note:The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) now describes addiction issues as Substance Use Disorder and specifies mild, moderate or severe, eliminating the previous use of abuse or dependence.