Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (or CBT) is designed for people with several different mental and behavioral health issues, including substance abuse and depression. It emphasizes changing a person’s thoughts from negative to positive and separating the individual from the condition.
CBT is based on the premise that an underlying cognition about a behavior leads to a positive or negative thought or belief. As an example, if an individual believes that indulging in sweets is something that only weak people do, then he or she may feel guilty if they eat sweets. For someone else, this same behavior could mean they are getting a reward for good work, so they may take pride in eating sweets.
With CBT, a clinician works to change the negative thought processes into positive ones by replacing faulty thought patterns. The first step is to identify the specific thoughts that need to be addressed and then the underlying issue that is leading to the negative behavior. This type of therapy can be very effective for treating depression in teens and young adults by helping them overcome disorders that cause depression (e.g., anxiety, mood, eating, and personality disorders). CBT is also very effective for those suffering from substance addiction and self-harm.